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NATIONAL SEMIANR OF INDIA'S POPULATION CENSUS - 2001
The Seminar was originally proposed to be field on 6 7th March 2002 is now postponed to 7-8th March as a mark of respect to the sad and sudden demise of Sri GMC Balayogi.
The 2001 census represents a land mark in the history of census taken in India. The country has the distinction of completed 14 censuses once in 10 years starting from 1872.
India has 2.4% of the total world surface, but supports and sustains 16.8% of the world population. It is now estimated that by 2050, India most likely overtake China to become the populous with about 150 Crores and China by the time would have 146 Crores of people.
The population of India as on 1 3 2001 was 102.7 Crores. The net addition to India's population in the 10 year period 1991 2001 was 181 millions as compared to a net addition of 163 million in the previous decade (1981 1991). This implies an increase of 21.4% during the past decade which is marginally less than 23.9% during 1981-91. During the 50 year period (1951 2001) India population size has increased nearly 3 times from 36.1 Crores to 102.7 Crores.
During the past five decades the average annual growth rate has been hovering at around 2% which has come down to 1.9% during 1991-2001. At current levels of birth rate (26.1 per 1000 population) and death rate ( 8.7 per 1000 population). India adds about 18 million persons annually which is equivalent to the population of Brazil and which is about 7 millions more than what China adds every year to its population, which is growing at 0.9% per year.
Some states are more advanced in their decline in proportion growth rates. The lowest annul growth rate is reported from Kerala (0.9%) followed by Tamilnadu (1.06%) & Andhra Pradesh (1.3%)
The highest annual growth rate of population was recorded as 4.97% in Nagaland, followed by Haryana & Rajasthan (2.5%) , Bihar (2.4%) , Uttar Pradesh & Jammu &Kashmir (2.3%) ,6).and Madhya Pradesh & Maharastra (2.04%).
Another interesting revelation of 2001 census is that the steepest decline (40%) in the annual exponential population growth rate during 1991 2001 is reported from Andhra Pradesh from 2.17% to 1.3% followed by Kerala (33%) from 1.34% to 0.9%, Tamil Nadu & West Bengal (26%).
There are some states which experienced an increase in population growth during 1991 2001. They are Bihar from 2.11 to 2.4%, Gujarat from 1.92 to 2.03% and Haryana from 2.42 to 2.47%
The BIMARU states (Bihar, MP, Rajasthan & UP) which constitutes 41% of India's population, with a combined population of 422 million is growing at a rapid rate of 2.3 % per year. The levels of female literacy in these states are much lower than the national average : Bihar (33%),UP(43%), Rajasthan(44%), MP(50%), Orissa(51%). Surprising A.P is lagging behind Orissa in total literacy rate (All India 65%, A.P 61%, Orissa 64%).
Prof. Ashish Bose who had coined the word BIMARU states in 1991 census, has now come out with another acronym DEMARU states taking note of the alarming decline in the child sex ratio in 2001 census, D stands for daughters, E stands for elimination and MARU stands for killing. The DEMARU states are Punjab (a decline in the child sex ratio of 82 percentage points from 875 to 793), Haryana (a decline in the child sex ratio of 59 percentage points from 879 to 820) Himachal Pradesh ( a decline in the child sex ratio of 54 percentage points from 951 to 897) and Gujarat (a decline in the child sex ratio of 50 percentage points from 928 to 878).
It is unfortunate that even in the progressive South Indian states (except Kerala), the child sex ratio has declined. In A.P, the child sex ratio has declined from 975 to 964 ( 11 points), Karnataka from 960 to 949 ( Il points), Tamilnadu from 941 6 to 939 ( 9 points).
Prof. S Mahendra Dev Director, CESS, Hyderabad will inaugurate the function. We received over 60 papers which will be presented in 6 technical sessions.
Session 1: Population scenario The Gender issues
Session 2: Fertility Family Welfare
Session 3: Mortality and Health Transition
Session 4: Literacy and Educational Status
Session 5: Human Poverty and Occupation Shifts
Session 6 :Urbanizationand Slovak Population
Press note released by
Prof. G Ramachandrudu, Director
Dr. M Prasada Rao, Co-Director