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...making Linux just a little more fun!
My Open Radio
By Mark Nielsen

  1. Introduction
  2. Setting up Apache
  3. Using Grip to Rip
  4. The Python Script
  5. Play the List
  6. Conclusion
  7. References


I am sick of playing cds. Half the songs on a cd suck. I don't like switching cds in and out. I am sick of commercial radio with their stupid mid-life crisis hosts who try to appeal to teenagers by trying to act like them (grow up). I like to listen to music (from cds) or shows on NPR as background noise while I program. I decided to develop a way to make my computer play songs and NPR shows as though it were a radio. This will eliminate cds and commercial radio shows. I want my computer to play this stuff in a random order. The first thing I wanted to do was rip songs from my cds and play them in a random order. The second thing (which is not in this article) was to download a playlist of all the shows I like to listen to on NPR (I hope someday NPR will accept my offer to develop playlists (as my donation) for their listeners).

For now, I am keeping things really really simple. In the future, I plan to add playlists, give songs weight, put stuff into a PostgreSQL databases, add accounts, etc.

I am very lazy. So lazy, I didn't bother to look long at the various web-based mpeg organizers of your favorite songs. I just wanted something to spit out 200 songs in a random order so that it simulates a radio station. I first had to rip the songs and then write a simple Python script to split out a playlist.

Configuring Apache

On your Linux server, find your html root directory for your httpd server. On some systems, this is located at "/var/www/html". Assuming that it is, do this:
cd /var/www/html
mkdir audio
Now copy all of your mp3, rm, wav, or other audio files into the directory "/var/www/html/audio". NOTE: Do you not use your web server for anybody but yourself. Only you may listen to these songs or you may get into copyright problems. Contact an attorney for issues regarding legal issues.

To start your webserver, usually you can do this "service httpd start". If that doesn't work, then look at the documentation that came with your Linux distribution to figure out how to start and stop the web service. Usually the default web server on most Linux systems with be Apache.

Using Grip to Rip

After looking at many programs, Grip seemed to be the easiest to use to rip songs from a cd. It organizes the songs by author and album. Nice. Here are the steps I used to configure Grip.
  1. Download and install "LAME" from Be aware of any patent issues.
    cd /usr/local/src
    lynx --source > lame-3.93.1.tar.gz
    tar -zxvf lame-3.93.1.tar.gz
    cd lame-3.93.1
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/lame
    make install
    ln -s /usr/local/lame/bin/lame /usr/bin/lame
  2. Start Grip.
  3. Configure Grip. Under the "Config" menu, do this.
    Click on Encode, choose 'lame' as the encoder. Where is says "Encode File Format" make sure you specify the directory "/var/www/html/audio" as the base directory. Mine looked like this '/var/www/html/audio/%A/%d/%t_%n.mp3'.
  4. Click on "Tracks" in the top menu and select the tracks you want to rip.
  5. Click on "Rip" in the top menu and then click on "Rip + Encode".

The Python Script.

Put this python script at "/var/www/cgi-bin/". Execute this command after putting it there "chmod 755 /var/www/cgi-bin/". After you have properly installed this python script (please use Python 2.2) and you know it works right, you might have to change the url from to the ip address of your computer for the network so that other computers in your house can play the music as well.
# Make sure this line above is the first line of this file.

### Copyright under GPL 

  ## import the python modules we need. 
import os, re, time, random

  ## Setup some variables. You can change these varaibles for your needs. 
Home = "/var/www/html/audio"
Url_Base = ""
Song_Max = 200
List_Type = "mpegurl"

File_Match = re.compile('[{mp3}{rm}{wav}{ogg}{mpeg}]$')
Home_Re = re.compile('^' + Home)
List_Types = {'smil':'application/smil', 'mpegurl':'audio/x-mpegurl'}

  ## This function will go through and get the absolute path of all files
  ## that match. It is a recursive method. 
def Dir_Contents(Item=""):
  Final_List = []  
  if Item == '': return ('')
  elif os.path.isdir(Item):
    List = os.listdir(Item)
    for Item2 in List:
      Item3 = Item + "/" + Item2
      Temp_List = Dir_Contents(Item=Item3)
      for Item4 in Temp_List: Final_List.append(Item4)
  elif os.path.isfile(Item):
    if   return([Item])
    else:   return([])
  return (Final_List)

List =  Dir_Contents(Home)
List_Copy = List
  ## Randomize how many times we call random. 
Secs = int(time.strftime('%S')) * int(time.strftime('%H')) * int(time.strftime('%M'))
for i in range(0,Secs): random.random()

  ## Randomly get one file at a time until there is none left. 
New_List = []
while (len(List_Copy) > 0):
  Position = random.randint(0,len(List_Copy) - 1)
  del List_Copy[Position]

  ## Redo the urls in the list.
Urls = []
for Item in New_List:
    ## For each item, strip the Home directory prefix and preappend the url.
  Url = Url_Base + Home_Re.sub('', Item)

  ## If we are greater than the number of songs we want to listen to,
  ## cap it off. Bonus points if you can figure out how many songs
  ## are in this array when Song_Max = 200.
if len(New_List) > Song_Max:  New_List = New_List[0:Song_Max]

  ## If the idiot who edited this file has an invalid list type.... 
if not List_Types.has_key(List_Type): List_Type = 'mpegurl'
Content_Type = List_Types[List_Type]

  ### Now print out the content. 
print "Content-Type: " + Content_Type + "\n\n"

if List_Type == 'mpegurl':  
  for Url in Urls: print Url
elif List_Type == 'smil':
  print "\n<smil>\n   <body>\n"
  for Item in Urls:  print "      <audio src='" + Url+ "'/>"
  print "   </body>\n</smil>\n"
  for Url in Urls: print Url

#                          Open Radio version 1.0

#                       Copyright 2003, Mark Nielsen
#                            All rights reserved.
#    This Copyright notice was copied and modified from the Perl
#    Copyright notice.
#    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#    it under the terms of either:

#        a) the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
#        Software Foundation; either version 1, or (at your option) any
#        later version, or

#        b) the "Artistic License" which comes with this Kit.

#    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#    the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License for more details.

#    You should have received a copy of the Artistic License with this
#    Kit, in the file named "Artistic".  If not, I'll be glad to provide one.
#    You can look at for the Artistic License.

#    You should also have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#   along with this program in the file named "Copying". If not, write to the
#   Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
#    02111-1307, USA or visit their web page on the internet at

Play the List.

Personally, I use Real Player. I tried to use xmms, but it didn't work for some reason (with the mpegurl list). Real Player accepts both smil and mpegurl, so I just use it. I would like to switch to some free GPLed player instead someday.

Just type this into your browser, Real Player, or whatever other player you are using "".


This little setup is perfect for me. In the future, I want to create accounts, playlists, keeping track of which songs haven't been played yet, give a song weight, and a bunch of others things. For now, I am finished with this and will move onto making a playlist of my favorite NPR shows.

I am big ideas of where this could lead. Since I have a lot of unfortunate experience with Flash, Real Player, Windows Media Player, and Javascript, it seems like something could develop here. I heard a lot of stuff about internet radio stations, but it seems like none of them are really approaching the market right. They seem to be stuck in the old days of radio. They need to move forward and not be constrained by the media giants (legally). It seems like the internet radio stations don't see the big picture. For now, I am just going to develop my own little radio for myself and maybe do something with it for real later.


  5. If this article changes, it will be available here


[BIO] Mark Nielsen works at Crisp Hughes Evans. In his spare time, he writes articles relating to Free Software (GPL) or Free Literature (FDL). Please email him at and put in the subject "ARTICLE:" or the message will be deleted and not even looked at -- to stop spammers.

Copyright © 2003, Mark Nielsen. Copying license
Published in Issue 92 of Linux Gazette, July 2003

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