Linux Gazette... making Linux just a little more fun!

Copyright © 1996 Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc.

Welcome to Linux Gazette!(tm)

Linux Gazette, a member of the Linux Documentation Project, is an on-line WWW publication that is dedicated to two simple ideas:

Table of Contents Issue #12

Graphics Muse

Weekend Mechanic

TWDT 1 (text)
are files containing the entire issue: one in text format, one in HTML. They are provided strictly as a way to save the contents as one file for later printing in the format of your choice; there is no guarantee of working links in the HTML version. Our thanks go to Tushar Teredesai for pasting together the HTML version.

Got any great ideas for improvements! Send your comments, criticisms, suggestions and ideas.

This page written and maintained by the Editor of Linux Gazette,

"Linux Gazette...making Linux just a little more fun!"

 The Mailbag!

Write the Gazette at

 Date: Thu, 31 Oct 1996 20:11:37 -0500 (EST)
Subject: Re: Linux Gazette Issue 11
From: Elliot Lee,

Nice job, as always! :-)

-- Elliot,

(Thanks! --Editor)

 Date: Fri, 1 Nov 1996 10:49:21 -0600 (CST)
Subject: Search Engine
From: "Dan Crowson"
Organization: CMS Communications, Inc.


what kind of search engine are you using for the Linux Gazette www server? Is this a linux-based engine?


(Nope. It just builds on Linux --Editor)

 Date: Mon, 4 Nov 1996 17:24:30 -0500
Subject: Comments on Issue #11
From: "R. Frank Louden"

I am always glad to see another issue of LG. Thank you for taking the time to compose it. One comment I'd like to make is the most recent issue (#11) is difficult for me to read on the spiral binding background. For me, the text lies over close enough to the left edge of the page, and it is almost hidden in some parts of the page.

I may be one of a dying breed but I choose to use Mosaic and wish others would consider that MS and Netscape do NOT adhere to the HTML specs and are fragmenting the standards. I note that NCSA is working on a new version that will provide support that is not currently found in the version I use. I am at this moment using an unsupported version 2.7b5 (it's kinda buggy) but when it works it allows me to see the background you have used.

While whirly-gigs and gewgaws are nice, some of us are still not able to upgrade hardware at the whim of the industry and need to have some consideration from those who sponsor WWW HTML documents. I have accessed pages that are completely illegible (with my old Mosaic) and others (with a more up-to-date browser) that take prohibitively long times to download. There IS something to be said for standards.

Thanks again for the Gazette! It is great!!!

(There may be more than one problem here. First off, if you are using a mirror site, the problem is my fault. Somehow, when building the tar file for the mirror sites, a gif that was integral to the notebook motif -- it moved the print away from the spiral -- was left out. I am in the process of notifying the mirror site where the missing file can be downloaded.

The notebook spiral was put in using "tables" which is an HTML standard. Here at SSC we too believe in following HTML standards. In fact the program that we use to push things to the web checks that the HTML conforms.

I have worried that by adding more graphics we might be causing problems with download times. However, we also would like to keep LG looking good, so thought we'd add away and see what kind of comments we get. So far it's tied. One who likes the spiral and yours against. BTW, if you are accessing LG through a mirror site, try the main site and see if it does better for you (

Glad you like LG, I certainly have fun putting it together. --Editor)

 Date: Fri, 01 Nov 1996 13:32:44 +1100
From: Ken Yap
Hi, Like your Linux Gazette, but some GIFs on the page are not displaying. Path problem?


(John Fisk forwarded your mail to me. In building the tar file for the mirror sites some files got left out. I have furnished and updated file. Sorry about that. --Editor)
Date: Mon, 04 Nov 1996 12:09:22 -0700
Subject: XDM Replacement link incorrect
From: "Kevin J. Butler"
Organization: Novell, Inc.

In Issue 11 there is an incorrect link.

On the page:

The link currently is:

But should be:

Thanks for a great 'zine! :-)


(Got it fixed. Thanks for letting me know. --Editor)

 Date: Mon, 4 Nov 1996 22:35:04 +0200 (EET)
Subject: Re: Linux Gazette Issue 11
From: Lialios Dionysios

Hello, this is Dennis from Greece.

Well this time I managed to download the whole thing so now I have a full mirror. The only problem is that I didn't get (or I don't have) the searchbtn.gif and the htsearch.cgi that are used for the search engine.

Did I make something wrong or should I have something I don't?

Thank you in advance.

(No, you did nothing wrong. I was so excited to have the search engine, I forgot that the mirrors wouldn't have the proper data bases. Since these data bases are very big and are for all of the SSC site, we have changed the links for the data base so that it always refers back to the SSC site rather than a relative address pointing to the mirror site. The updated front page file is in the update tar file along with the missing files. Let me know if it works for you. --Editor)

 Date: Tue, 5 Nov 1996 09:01:44 -0800 (PST)
Subject: Request
From: (Ivan Mauricio Montenegro)

It's the first time I hear about Linux Gazette, I'd want to have all the issues, but at the FTP addresses that appear on have the horrible message "Login Error". What could I do?


Ivan Mauricio Montenegro
IEEE Student Branch, Vice-Chairperson
Distrital University, "Francisco Jos de Caldas", Bogota, Colombia

(Not sure why you are having a problem. I can tell that others are able to download from that address without problem. Are you using your browser to point to that address or logging on with anonymous ftp?

I would suggest using a ftp mirror site that is closer to you. Unfortunately, Linux Gazette does not have a mirror site in South America at this time. There is one in Mexico which is somewhat closer to you than Seattle.

At any rate if you go to the Mirror Site page ( in Linux Gazette, and use the links there to go to one of the ftp sites (ours or one of the mirrors), you shouldn't be asked for a login. (I never have been and that's why I am a little confused by the message you are getting.) Let me know if you continue to have problems, and thanks for writing. --Editor)

 Date: Wed, 06 Nov 1996 21:21:59 -0500
Subject: Great new look
From: "Alan L. Waller"

Classy !!!


(Thanks! Glad you like it. --Editor)

 Date: Sat, 09 Nov 1996 11:03:26 -0800
Subject: Thank you
From: Innocent Bystander

Thank you very, very much for providing LG to people such as I, who haven't become Unix gods yet. After reading my first issue, I am now a dedicated reader. What can *I* do to assist LG?

Innocent Bystander,
San Diego, CA

(Send us your favorite tips and tricks. We love new contributors. Other than that tell all your friends about us and promote Linux where ever you are. --Editor)

 Date: Mon, 11 Nov 1996 08:08:08 -0600 (CST)
Subject: Re: Great Writing
From: "John M. Fisk" fiskjm@ctrvax.Vanderbilt.Edu

Hello Jimmy!

Thanks so much for taking the time to write! I appreciate it. I honestly can't take the credit for this -- the kind folks at SSC (and the Linux Journal) offered to take over the management of the LG when its administrative upkeep just got to be too much. Marjorie Richardson is its capable new Editor.

I've taken the liberty of cc'ing a copy of this to her -- definitely deserves a pat on the back.

Thanks again and Best Wishes,


On Thu, 7 Nov 1996, Lowe, Jimmy, D MSGT LGMPD wrote:

> Hello John,
> I just wanted to say how glad I am to see the LG is being carried on
> in such a fine manner -- during the summer I began to worry a small but
> inspiring story was coming to an end. I think your writing is very
> entertaining and informative! I really appreciate your work and that of
> all the others in the Linux community and others (e.g. FSF).
> I hope to give back to this wonderful community of dedicated
> hobbiest/computer wizards once I get a little more up-to-speed.
> Hope you and your family are well,
> Jim Lowe, Montgomery AL

(I think John was being a little modest on this one. Jim was obviously glad to see John's new Weekend Mechanic column in Linux Gazette. I certainly was. Thanks a lot John. --Editor)

 Date: Sat, 09 Nov 1996 11:30:32 -0500
Subject: Bravo!
From: "J.M. Paden"

"TWDT" is most appreciated. Thanks for the response to your readers requests.


(You're welcome. We do aim to please. --Editor.)

 Date: Wed, 20 Nov 1996 13:41:36 -0800
Subject: Link to other Linux pages
From: "J. Hunter Heinlen"


I've gone through your title page for the Linux Gazette, and could not find a link to other Linux pages. Please put a link to page with links to other, commonly used Linux pages just below the Mirror sites link, and ask those that you give links for to provide links to you. This will make finding information much easier. Thank you for your time.

(I'm not sure which are the commonly used Linux pages you'd like to have a link for on the LG front page. I have added a link to SSC's Linux Resources page at Why don't you look at that page and see if it has the links you are wanting. Let me know what you think. Thanks for writing. --Editor)

 Date: Tue, 19 Nov 1996 08:59:14 -0500br Subject: LG width
From: Gerr

Hi there. Just a suggestion about the page (which looks ... wow ... compared to before). If you could, however, try to keep it inside of one page wide, it would be wonderful. I find myself having to use the arrows to see what's on the end of lines on the right hand side of the page.. --

(Thank you for writing. I didn't realize it was running over. I use a rather large window for viewing it myself. The problem seems to be a combination of the spiral and the width of the text inside the <PRE> tags. Not sure what can be done, but we'll look into it. --Editor)

PAGE ]  Next

This page written and maintained by the Editor of Linux Gazette,
Copyright © 1996 Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc.

"Linux Gazette...making Linux just a little more fun! "

More 2¢ Tips!

Send Linux Tips and Tricks to


Boot Information Display

Date: Fri, 1 Nov 1996 09:58:52 -0800 (PST)
From: Laurie Lynne Tucker

dmesg | more -- Forget (or couldn't look fast enough) at boot time? This command will display your boot information (a.k.a., the "kernel ring buffer"). For more info, see the man page.

A 2 Cent Console Trick

Date: Fri, 08 Nov 1996 03:42:27 -0800
From: Igor Markov
Organization: UCLA, Department of Mathematics


Here's my 2c console trick:
I put the following line into my ~/.xsession file:

nxterm -ls -geometry 80x5+45+705 -rv -sb -name "System mesages" -fn 5x7
       -T "System messages" -e tail -f /var/log/messages &
and this one into my .fvwm:
Style "System messages" NoTitle, Sticky, WindowListSkip
When I login, I have a small 5-line (but scrollable) window near the left bottom corner (you may need to change numbers in -geometry) where system messages appear in tiny font as soon as they are produced. This lets me see when my dial-up script succeeds, when someone logs into my computer via TCP/IP, when some system error happen etc.

The .fvwm setup strips the title bar and does other useful things, but is not necessary.

Caveat: if you leave this window for long time, a cron job which trims /var/log/messages will change the inode # for the file and tail -f is bound to freeze. In 99% this cron job wakes up 2-3am, so tail freeze may freeze only overnight. Login/logout and everything will be OK. Any other ideas?


Firewalling / Masquerading with 2.0.xx

Date: Sat, 2 Nov 1996 10:57:30 -0500 (EST)
From: Preston Brown

Regarding the recent message about not being able to get IP masquerading working with 2.0.xx kernels:

First, I *believe* that IP forwarding may have to be enabled for firewall support, but I can't say for sure. Suffice to say that I have forwarding, firewalling, and masquerading all compiled into my kernel. I have a PPP link set up to the outside world, and my local ethernet subnet (192.168.2.x) is masquerades so it can talk to the outside world as well.

ipfwadm is used to set up the information (I call it from /etc/rc.d/rc.local at boot time):

# ip forwarding policies
ipfwadm -F -p deny			; default policy is to deny 
					; forwarding to  all hosts.
ipfwadm -F -a m -S	; add an entry for masquerading of
					; my local subnet
modprobe ip_masq_ftp			; load ftp support module
a 'ipfwadm -F -l' (i.e. list all forwarding policies) yields:
IP firewall forward rules, default policy: deny
type  prot source               destination          ports
acc/m all       anywhere             n/a
Indicating that all is fine. Your local subnet now should be set up to talk to the outside world just fine.

-Preston Brown,

FTP and /etc/shells

Date: Fri, 1 Nov 1996 09:58:52 -0800 (PST)
From: Laurie Lynne Tucker

A user's shell must be included in the list at /etc/shells for ftp to work!!!!! (by default, you get only /bin/sh and /bin/bash!)


How to Truncate /var/adm/messages

Date: Fri, 1 Nov 1996 09:58:52 -0800 (PST)
From: Alex

In answer to the question:

What is the proper way to close and reopen a new /var/adm/messages file from a running system?
Step one: rename the file. Syslog will still be writing in it after renaming so you don't lose messages. Step two: create a new one. After re-initializing syslogd it will be used. Step three: Make syslog use the new file. Do not restart it, just re-initialize.
  1. mv /var/adm/messages /var/adm/messages.prev
  2. touch /var/adm/messages
  3. kill -1 pid-of-syslogd

This should work on a decent Unix(like) system, and I know Linux is one of them.

HTML, Use of BODY Attributes

Date: Thu, 14 Nov 1996 12:55:15 -0500
From: "Michael O'Keefe",
Organization: Ericsson Research Canada


If you are going to use any of the attributes to the tag, then you should supply all of the attributes, even if you supply just the default values.

The default <BODY> tag for Netscape, Mosaic and MSIE is <BODY BGCOLOR=#C0C0C0 TEXT=#000000 LINK=#0000FF VLINK=#0020F0 ALINK=#FF0000>

If you wish to slip the BACKGROUND attribute in there, by all means continue to do so, but for completeness (and good HTML designing) you should supply the other attributes as well.

The reason? You don't know what colors the user has set, and whether just setting a BACKGROUND image, or just a few of the colors will render the page viewable or not. By supplying all of the values, even at their defaults, you ensure that everything contrasts accordingly

Michael O'Keefe                      |   
Lived on and Rode a Honda CBR1000F-H |           / |  
"It can't rain all the time"         |Work:+1 514 345 7900 X5030  /  |  
 - The Crow -  R.I.P. Brandon        |Fax :+1 514 345 7980       /_p_|  
My views are MINE ALONE, blah blah,  |Home:+1 514 684 8674       \`O'|  
  yackety yack - don't come back     |Fax :+1 514 684 8674(PCon?)_/_\|_,

"lowerit" Shell Script

Date: Fri, 1 Nov 1996 09:58:52 -0800 (PST)
From: Phil Hughes,

Here is a handy-dandy little shell script. It takes all the plain files (not directories) in the current directory and changes their names to lower case. Very handy when you unzip a bunch of MS-DOS files. If a name change would result in overwriting an existing file the script asks you before doing the overwrite.

--------------------------- cut here -----------------------------------
# lowerit
# convert all file names in the current directory to lower case 
# only operates on plain files--does not change the name of directories
# will ask for verification before overwriting an existing file
for x in `ls`
  if [ ! -f $x ]; then
  lc=`echo $x  | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`
  if [ $lc != $x ]; then
    mv -i $x $lc

Removing Users

Date: 11 Nov 1996 18:54:02 GMT
From: Geoff Short,

To remove users do the following:

Simple setups:

More complex setups: Geoff
Ever sit and watch ants? They're always busy with
something, never stop for a moment.  I just
can't identify with that kind of work ethic.

Root and Passwords

Date: Fri, 1 Nov 1996 09:58:52 -0800 (PST)
From: Steve Mann
Subject: Re: Root and passwords

If you have forgotten your root password:

  1. Use a boot disk.
  2. Login as root.
  3. Mount the partition with your Linux.
  4. Edit the second field, which is the encrypted password, of /etc/passwd to show nothing. It would look something like this:
    instead of something like this:
You should then be able to login as root with no password at all.


 /  Steve M                        Insignificant message goes here  \  
|   CCIS:      529-7500 x7922                             \|||/      |
|   Home:      722-1632                                    0 *       |
|   Beeper:    1-800-502-2775 or 201-909-1575           oo0 ^ 0oo    |
|   Email:                      ~~~~~~~~~    |
|   Ramapo College Apartments (Cypress Q): 934-9357
 \                  This line left blank for no reason              /

Talk Daemon and Dynamic Addresses

Date: 11 Nov 1996 16:33:02 GMT
From: Adam Jenkins,
Organization: CMPSCI Department, UMass Amherst

Having problems sending a talk request to an IP-address other than your own?

The solution is to reset your host name to your new dynamic address. You need to figure out what dynamic address you've been assigned. Then you can use the "host" command to find the symbolic name for it, and then use the "hostname" command to reset your machine's hostname. Like this:


Prints out a name. Use it in:


That's it. You need to be root to run the "hostname" command with an argument. If you're using pppd to get your connection, you can put all of this into your /etc/ppp/ip-up script -- read the pppd man page for more info -- so that it will get done automatically when you log in.

The reason you need to do this is because when talk sends a talk request, it also sends along what it thinks is the return address so that the remote talk can respond. So if your local machine has a fake address, the remote talk will get that as the return address and you'll never see the response.

I also saw a patched version of talk on sunsite somewhere, where he made some hack to talk to get it to find your real address. But I like the "hostname" solution better because I've found at least one other program with the same problem, and the "hostname" solution fixes it too.

tar Tricks

Date: Tue, 12 Nov 1996 15:01:58 +0000
From: Dominic Binks
Organization: AEthos Communication Systems Ltd.

A couple of things that interested me about the article on tar. I'm sure that the idea is to introduce pipes, and some of the lesser known unix utilities (tr, cut), but

	tar -tfvz file.tar.gz | tr -s ' ' | cut -d ' ' -f8 | less
can be written more concisely
	tar tfz file.tar.gz | less
Also you can use wild cards so
	tar tfz file.tar.gz *README*
will list all readmes in the file.

Finally two last pieces of useful Unix magic.

	tar cfv - dir
will tar the directory dir and send the output to standard output. One piece of magic liked by Unix gurus is
	tar cfv - dir | (cd dir2; tar xf -)
which copies one directory hierarchy to another location.

Another piece of tar that might be really useful is that taring up a dos file system and moving it somewhere else will preserve *everything*. This means you can move your main DOS partition around, something that is very difficult to do with DOS.

One final tip for all UNIX newbies: you got a file which unix will not allow you to delete.

	rm -- 'file'
will get rid of it. In general -- terminates argument processing so that everything following is passed directly to the executable.

Have fun

Dominic Binks


This page maintained by the Editor of Linux Gazette,
Copyright © 1996 Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc.

"Linux Gazette...making Linux just a little more fun!"

News Bytes


News in General

 Authors Wanted for Linux Journal

Are you interested in Perl, the Internet or Linux? Would you love to see your name in print?

Well, then today is your day! Linux Journal is seeking authors for our upcoming issues. We are particularly interested in authors willing to write about Perl, the Web and Linux. We have some general topics we are soliciting articles for listed on our web site at Please don't let these ideas limit you - if you have a great article idea we'd love to hear about it.

For additional information:
Gary Moore, Editor Linux Journal,

Debian Linux
SSC is also looking for an author to write a chapter on the installation of Debian Linux for the book Linux Installation and Getting Started by Matt Welsh. If you are interested, please send e-mail to

 Cease Fire!

Date: Wed 13 Nov 1996

Bill Machrone, vice president of technology for Ziff-Davis Publishing Co, recently wrote in an article about Linux that Netscape 3.0 and Java were not yet available for Linux. He was wrong. Such things happen. Big deal. Even magazines of the highest quality sometimes print things that are wrong. You tell them about it, and they print a correction in the next issue. That's the way professionals handle things.

That's not what some Linux people did, however. Instead, they flamed him, in private and in public. That's stupid. They urged others to also send flames to Machrone, which is worse.

Things wouldn't be so bad, but now we have the Internet. The Internet allows just a few idiots completely ruin the reputation of Linux.

Please, if you want to advocate Linux, be civil.

Lars Wirzenius, Moderator, comp.os.linux.announce
Bruce Perens, Project Leader, Debian GNU/Linux Distribution
Alan Cox, Linux Networking Project, Linux International Technical Board

 Linux in the News

For the latest article about Linux by Bill Machrone, see the November 11 issue of PC Week, "Up Periscope". This is a good article in which he requests feedback from Linux users.

"The Linux Software Map": Unix Review, January, 1997, discusses the need for Linux documentation and the Linux Software Map (LSM).

From Martin Michlmayr of Linux International we learn:
According to a survey among a partial readership of iX, a German magazine devoted to Unix and networking, Linux is used at work by 45% of the readers. Solaris 1 and 2 taken together come second with 36%, followed by HP-UX with 27%. 56% of companies with less than 50 employees use Linux whereas it is used by 38% of firms with more than 1,000 employees. In addition, 60% of the readers use Linux on their computers at home. Linux International,

 Linux Applications and Utilities List

Date: 30 Oct 1996

The October 22, 1996 edition of the


is now available at it's home site and mirrors.

The "Linux Applications and Utilities List" is an organized collection of pointers to the WWW home pages of almost 600 different Linux compatible application programs, system administration tools, utilities, device drivers, games, servers, programming tools, file, disk and desktop managers, Internet applications, and more.

The "Linux Applications and Utilities List" and mirrors can be found at:

Home Site U.S.A. (IL):

Bill Latura
Runtime Systems

 Man Pages to HTML

Marc Perkel,, of Computer Tyme Software Lab,, has written a program to convert Man pages to HTML. Check out this web site with fully indexed man pages:

This is a popular idea. There is an article coming out in the February issue of Linux Journal by Michael Hamilton, another guy who did this very same type of conversion. Michael's program is called vh-man2html and can be seen at And he tells us of yet another page,, where converters can be found.

 Mission Critical Linux Project

The "Mission Critical Linux Project" was created to document successful existing Linux systems which have a large load and 24 hour a day use. The survey will last until February 1, 1997.

If you could access our web site, please visit one of following:

You can also see brief summary of answers.

For additional information:
Motoharu Kubo, (English page under construction)

 New Linux Resource Sites

A couple of new Linux Resources sites:

Russ Spooner,

Joe Hohertz,

 Slovenian HOWTO 1.0

Date: Thu, 07 Nov 1996
The first ever version of Slovenian HOWTO is released. The document addresses Linux localization issues specific to Slovenian users and is written in Slovene.

It can be accessed either on its "locus classicus":

or the official Linux Documentation Project Site:

or any of the numerous mirrors of the latter.

For additional information:
Primoz Peterlin,
Institut za biofiziko MF, Lipiceva 2, SLO-1105 Ljubljana, Slovenija,

Software Announcements

 Amiga Development Environment

Date: Mon, 18 Nov 1996
Tempe, Arizona - Cronus has announced the release of the long awaited Geek Gadgets CD-ROM. Geek Gadgets contains the Amiga Developers Environment (ADE) which is a project conceived and managed by Cronus to produce and support Amiga ports of dozens of the most popular development tools and utilities from the Free Software Foundation, BSD and other sources. This CD contains all the tools necessary to get started programming on the Amiga including advanced C, C++, Fortran and ADA compilers, assembler, linker, EMACS editor, "make", source code control systems (rcs&cvs), text and file utilities, GNU debugger, text formatters (groff & TEX) and more. Geek Gadgets is the perfect companion to the AT Developers CD which contains documentation and utilities but no development tools. Released quarterly, Geek Gadgets provides a quick and cost effective way to obtain the latest ADE for those with slow and/or expensive Internet connections. As a bonus, all the tools can be run directly from the CD-ROM without the need to install any files on your hard drive.

Available from your local Amiga dealer or directly from Cronus. SRP $ 24.95

For additional information:
Michelle Fish,

 Objective-C 4.3.4 For Linux

Date: 30 Oct 1996
Release "4.3.4" of the Stepstone Objective C compiler is now available from System Essentials Limited for Linux versions 1.2.13 and higher.


Both Linux and OSF/1 Objective C 4.3.4 releases include:

For additional information:
Kenneth Lerman,
Systems Essentials Limited

 C++ Matrix Math Library

Date: Sun, 03 Nov 1996
MathTools Ltd. is pleased to announce MAT<LIB>, a Matlab Compatible C++ Matrix Class Library, designed for development of advanced scientific high-level C++ code. Evaluation version of the MAT<LIB> can be downloaded from our home page,

The library includes over 300 mathematical functions covering Complex math, Binary and unary operators, Powerful indexing capabilities, Signal processing, File I/O, Linear algebra, String operations and Graphics.

For additional information:
MathTools Ltd.,

 FIDOGATE 4.1.1 - Fido-Internet Gateway

Date: Wed, 13 Nov 1996 04:30:07 GMT FIDOGATE 4.1.1, an update to version 4 of the FIDOGATE package is available.

			   FIDOGATE Version 4
		        * Fido-Internet Gateway
			* Fido FTN-FTN Gateway
			* Fido Mail Processor
			* Fido File Processor
			* Fido Areafix/Filefix

- ---------

    fidogate-4.1.1.tar.gz	657 Kbyte

For additional information:
Martin Junius,

 fxvolume 0.1, a simple xforms volume control.

Date: Wed, 13 Nov 1996

Fxvolume is a simple, no frills volume control designed to sit at the side of your screen and not get in the way. You simply run it, and then ignore it until you need to use it.

It controls the level of the master sound device under Linux, using a slider created from the Xforms library.

Use at your own risk - it has not been widely tested, but seems to work well enough... ;)

For additional information:
Paul Dwerryhouse,
University of Melbourne, Australia

 The JAZZ midi sequencer version 2.6

Date: Tue, 05 Nov 1996
Announce: The free JAZZ midi sequencer version 2.6

JAZZ is a full size midi sequencer allowing record/play and many edit functions as quantize, copy, transpose ..., multiple undo; two main windows operating on whole tracks and single events; graphic pitch editing, GS sound editing functions and much more ...

JAZZ is copyright (C) by Andreas Voss and Per Sigmond, and is distributed under the terms of the GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE (Gnu GPL).

Web site:

Linux binary distribution:
Files: jazz-bin-v26b-xview.tar.gz, jazz-help-v26b-xview.tar.gz

Source code distribution:
File: jazz-src-v26b.tar.gz

For additional information:
Andreas Voss.
Per Sigmond,
Ericsson AS, ETO,

 util-linux 2.6

Date: Wed, 13 Nov 1996 util-linux-2.6.tar.gz (source only distribution)

Util-linux is a suite of essential utilities for any Linux system. It's primary audience is system integrators (like the people at Red Hat) and DIY Linux hackers. The rest of you will get a digested version of util-linux installed with no risk to your sanity.

Util-linux is attempting to be portable, but the only platform it has been tested much on is Linux/Intel. There have however been integrated several patches for Arm, m68k, and Alpha linux versions. The present version is known to compile on at least Linux 1.2/libc 4.7.5 and Linux 2.0.22/Libc 5.3.12 (the Linux versions I run :-). People are encouraged to make _nice_ patches to util-linux and submit them to

Util-Linux 2.6 is immediately available from

NOTE: Before installing util-linux. READ the README or risk nuking your system. Thank you.

For additional information:
Nicolai Langfeldt,
The popular front against MWM

 LyX-0.10.7 - LyX is a WYSIWYG

Date: 30 Oct 1996
LyX-0.10.7 has been uploaded to sunsite. It is also available from and from my home page:

LyX is a WYSIWYG front-end to LaTeX. It is used much like a word-processor, but LaTeX produces the final document. Figures, tables, mathematical formulas, fonts, headers, etc., are all drawn on-screen essentially as they appear on the final document. Figures (postscript) are placed in the document using a simple menu, as are tables. General text formatting is accomplished by high-level menu choices that automatically set fonts, indentation, spacing, etc., according to general LaTeX rules, and display (essentially) these settings on the screen.

None of the power of LaTeX is lost, since you can embed any LaTeX command within a LyX document.

Primary-site: /pub/Linux/apps/editors
501577 lyx-0.10.7-ELF-bin.tar.gz (binary release)
612839 lyx-0.10.7.tar.gz (original source)
Copying-policy: GPL

For additional information:
David L. Johnson,
Lehigh University,

 MpegTV Player

Date: Tue, 05 Nov 1996
Announcing a new release of MpegTV, the real-time software MPEG Player for Linux (x86 ELF) and FreeBSD.

A free version of the MpegTV player can be downloaded from the MpegTV web site at:

Main features:

For additional information:
Tristan Savatier,

 SpellCaster ISDN4Linux ISDN Driver Beta

Date: Wed, 13 Nov 1996
This message is to announce the public Beta release of the ISDN4Linux driver for SpellCaster ISA ISDN adapters. This beta program is open to anyone who prefers the bleeding edge and just can't wait for MP support. The beta driver currently supports the SpellCaster DataCommute/BRI and TeleCommute/BRI adapters and will also include support for the DataCommute/PRI adapter before the end of the Beta program.

You can download the beta driver from:

You require kernel revision. 2.0. You will also need the isdn4k-utils package also available the above mentioned FTP site or

For additional information:
Erik Petersen,

 Public availability of the second beta of StarOffice 3.1 for Linux

Date: 30 Oct 1996
Star Division announces the public availability of the second beta version of its office productivity suite, StarOffice 3.1, for Linux/x86.

StarOffice 3.1 consists of:

You will need an ELF system, X11R6 and Motif 2.0 libraries.

This beta version expires at January, 1st, 1997. We will make newer beta versions available by then. The final version will be free of charge for private use. The price for commercial use is not yet decided.

StarOffice 3.1 can be downloaded from the directory:

For additional information:
Star Division GmbH,
Matthias Kalle Dalheimer,
Marc Sewtz,

 Wget, a Web Mirroring Tool

Date: Wed, 13 Nov 1996
Wget 1.4.0 [formerly known as Geturl] is an extensive rewrite of Geturl. Wget should now be easier to debug, maintain and most importantly, use.

Wget is a freely available network utility to download files from the World Wide Web using HTTP and FTP. It works non-interactively, thus enabling work in the background, after having logged off.

Wget works under almost all modern Unix variants and, unlike many other similar utilities, is written entirely in C, thus requiring no additional software (like Perl). As Wget uses the GNU Autoconf, it is easily built on and ported to other Unix's. Installation procedure is described in the INSTALL file.

You can get the latest version of wget at:

For additional information:
Hrvoje Niksic,
SRCE Zagreb, Croatia

 Woven Goods for LINUX Version 1.0

Date: Tue, 05 Nov 1996
Woven Goods for LINUX Version 1.0

Version 1.0 of Woven Goods for LINUX is a collection of World-Wide Web (WWW) Applications and Hypertext-based Information about LINUX. It is ready configured for the Slackware Distribution and currently tested with Version 3.1 (ELF). The Power Linux LST Distribution contains this collection as an integral part with some changes.

The five Parts of Woven Goods for LINUX are:

Woven Goods for LINUX is available via anonymous FTP from:

The HTML Pages of Woven Goods for LINUX are snap shots of the LINUX Pages at FOKUS - Research Institute of Open Communication Systems and are available from: For additional information:
Lutz Henckel,

 xldlas v0.30 now available

Date: 30 Oct 1996
Announcing xldlas v0.40 in sunsite's incoming directory:

Soon to be moved to:

xldlas is for doing statistics.

For additional information:
Thor Sigvaldason,

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This page written and maintained by the Editor of Linux Gazette,
Copyright © 1996 Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc.

"Linux Gazette...making Linux just a little more fun! "

The Adventure of Upgrading to Redhat 4.0

(with advice for others)

By Randy Appleton,

Here at Northern Michigan University, we run a Linux lab with 14 workstations. Upgrading from Redhat 3.0 to Redhat 4.0 has been quite an adventure. This article describes the upgrading of one workstation.


The first thing to do when upgrading is to free up a significant block of time. We used a day and a night to upgrade one machine. That included downloading the software, making floppy disks, and fixing our errors along the way. In fact, if you're a busy person, and Redhat 3.0 is working fine for you, then you might choose to delay the upgrade, or even avoid it. However, at the Linux Lab at Northern Michigan, we try and stay near the cutting edge, so the upgrade was a must for us.


The next step is to decide your upgrade method. The choices are the same ones from Redhat 3.0:

The quickest and easiest way is to use the CD-ROM drive. This is the only way if you don't have a direct Internet connection, since you cannot download the necessary amount of data through a modem in any reasonable amount of time Since our workstations don't have CD-ROM drives, and do have an excellent Internet connection, we chose to do an FTP install.

Download Boot Disks

Before an FTP install can begin, two disks named boot.img and supp.img must be downloaded from